What Is Sjogren’s Syndrome and How Is It Diagnosed?
Sjogren’s syndrome is a multisystem, chronic autoimmune disease of unknown cause. It frequently occurs in conjunction with other autoimmune syndromes, such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, in which case, it is often termed secondary Sjogren’s syndrome. When presenting as a distinct illness, it is sometimes called Sjogren’s disease or primary Sjogren’s syndrome.
What body parts are affected by Sjogren’s syndrome?
Sjogren’s syndrome may affect many body systems, including the lungs and respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, joints, and nervous system.
Sjogren’s syndrome often emerges insidiously. It develops gradually with a host of seemingly disparate symptoms that may not be recognized as representatives of a single syndrome. As such, the diagnosis is often delayed and even missed by physicians.